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2007.09.04

臨時国会に向けて

 2007年7月29日に実施された参議院選挙では、自民党が歴史的な大敗を喫し、参議院においては野党の民主党が初の第一党となった。

 参議院選挙を受けて、第167臨時国会が8月7日に召集され、参議院本会議において、参議院議長に民主党の江田五月氏が選出されるとともに、参議院議院運営委員長に民主党の西岡武夫氏が選出されるなど、民主党が参議院の運営権限を獲得した。

 今回の参院選の結果は、安部首相の主導で、第166通常国会において強行採決を連発した強引な国会運営や、閣僚の「政治とカネ」の問題についての不祥事が続いたことなどを受けて、国民が、安部首相が今後も総理として続けることを明確に否定し、その退陣を求めるものであった。

 ところが、安部首相は、参議院選終了後、その選挙結果が確定する前から「続投宣言」をして、首相の地位に居座り、8月27日には内閣改造を行って、秋の臨時国会に臨もうとしている。

 しかし、「人心の一新」を掲げて行った内閣改造では、やはり「カネ」の問題で、わずか就任1週間足らずで、遠藤農水大臣が辞任に追い込まれるなど、改めて、安倍首相の任命責任や統率力などが問われる事態となっている。

 9月10日に召集される第168臨時国会について、政府与党は62日間の会期を予定しているが、その最大の争点が、インド洋に展開する自衛隊によるアメリカ軍への後方支援の根拠となっているテロ特措法の延長問題であることは明らかである。

 民主党の小沢党首は、いち早くテロ特措法の延長に反対の姿勢を示し、臨時国会においては、同法が11月1日で期限切れとなることから激しい国会情勢になることは必至である。

 そのような情勢の中で、野党による安部首相に対する問責決議案の提出など、安倍内閣へ揺さぶりをかけ、安倍内閣を総辞職に追い込むことができるのか、又は、安倍首相によって衆議院の解散があるのか、いつ解散するかなどが、今後の焦点となることも明らかである。

 このような情勢の中、法務委員会の案件に目を移すと、現在、衆議院法務委員会には、共謀罪の新設を含む「犯罪の国際化及び組織化並びに情報処理の高度化に対処するための刑法等の一部を改正する法律案」(以下「共謀罪法案」という)だけが継続審議となって残っており、閉会中審査の状態となっている。

 2007年2月27日、自民党の「条約刑法検討に関する小委員会」は、この法案の修正案要綱をまとめ、共謀罪の名称を「テロ等謀議罪」に変更するとともに、政府案では、対象犯罪を長期4年以上の全て罪を対象犯罪としていたのを、テロ、薬物、銃器、密入国・人身取引、組織犯罪の5分野に限定し、政府案の 600超からその4分の1以下に絞り込む内容となっていると言われている。

 少し前までは、この臨時国会で、衆議院法務委員会において共謀罪法案の実質審議に入るのか、与党から修正案が提出されるかについては非常に不透明であった。

 ところが、内閣改造で法務大臣となった鳩山法務大臣は、「共謀罪は、国際組織犯罪防止条約に入るための国内法整備として必要だ。テロなどの組織犯罪を未然防止する世界的な取り組みの中で、日本が条約に入らないと国際的な批判を受けかねない。共謀罪をつくらなくても条約に入れるじゃないか、という意見もあるが、それにはくみしない。」、「来年は日本でサミットがあるから、臨時国会か、来年の通常国会の前半ぐらいまでに成立させてほしい。」、「自民党と野党でよく話し合ってもらいたい。」と述べて(9月3日付東京新聞朝刊)、共謀罪法案の成立に強い意欲を示している。

 参議院で与野党逆転の国会情勢において、野党が共謀罪法案に反対し続けた場合には、衆議院で再度、賛成多数で議決する方法しか残されていない。野党は通常国会から共謀罪反対で共闘しており、与党との話し合いで共謀罪を成立させる見込みはほとんどないから、共謀罪法案を成立させるには、衆議院での再議決の手法でごり押しする方法しか与党には残されていない。

 しかしながら、私たちは、新たな国会情勢について、決して楽観したり、油断することなく、鳩山法務大臣が自ら焦点化させた共謀罪法案の動向について注視していく必要がある。
 そして、むしろ、参議院で与野党が逆転しているという絶好の機会に、共謀罪法案を今度こそ廃案に追い込めるように運動を強めていくことが必要だろう。

 テロ特措法だけでなく、共謀罪法案の行方についても、9月10日から始まる臨時国会では大きな注目点となるだろう。私としても、共謀罪法案が成立することのないように注視し続けたい。

【Today's Back Music】
 松尾明/ALONE TOGETHER(JZ070621-13)
  寺島靖国プロデュースの新譜。松尾明(ds), 寺村容子(p), 嶌田憲二(b)による演奏で、パワーに溢れて、スリリ ングな演奏を聴くことができる。

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